You hate the smell of mercaptoethanol. since there are no disulfide bonds in intracellular proteins, you have convinced yourself that it is not necessary to treat a cytoplasmic homogenate with mercaptoethanol prior to sds-page. you heat a sample of your homogenate in sds and subject it to electrophoresis. much to your surprise, your gel looks horrible; it is an ugly smear! you show your results to your friend who is a chemistry major, and she suggests that you treat your sample with n-ethylmaleimide (nem), which reacts with free sulfhydryls. you run another sample of your cytoplasmic homogenate after treatment with nem and sds. now the gel looks perfect! if intracellular proteins don't have disulfide bonds (and they don't) why didn't your original scheme work? and how does treatment with nem correct the problem?
Formed by intermediate filaments
Keratin belongs to the family of fibrous structural proteins. It is found in abundant amount inside the human body.
Hair constitutes of about 90% of keratin protein. The epidermis is the outer layer of skin which is formed by scale like cells known as epithelial cells and specialized cells known as keratinocytes.
These cells protect the body from the outer damage and is formed by long strands of proteins(intermediate filament) inside the cell, hence called keratin.
This is how keratin is made inside the body.
answer: b: experiments that showed that all cells are similar in how they metabolize and in their composition
hydrogen is a compound or a single element and a element is a pure substence that cannot be separated into simpler subtances
clorine is a compound its a chemical substance that forms when two or more different elements combine
so both hydrogen and clorine are compounds