a) Independent clause
All sentences need at least one independent clause to be made whole. An example of a complex sentence is: While he was sleeping, I did the laundry. "I did the laundry" is an independent clause because it is a complete sentence on it's own with the subject (I) and the verb (did). The subordinate clause is "While he was sleeping". This clause begins with a subordinating conjunction (While) which causes the rest to feel incomplete when it is read alone "While he was sleeping...". While he was sleeping ___what?
A compound sentence is when two sentences are combined using a coordinating conjunction such as and, for, nor, but, yet, so. I did the laundry and I cooked dinner. Here there are two complete sentences "I did the laundry", "I cooked dinner" joined together with "and". A subject is who or what the sentence is about. A prepositional phrase tells the reader where one noun is in relation to another. The bird is on the branch. "On the branch" is a prepositional phrase that tells you where the bird is.
A complex sentence is created by adding one or more subordinate clauses and an independent clause. It can also be created by adding two simple sentences and then make one into a subordinate clause. Generally, complex sentences has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses that are connected by a coordinator.
- The tennis match was cancelled because it was raining.
anits the secound1