What type of figurative language is used in this passage from "letter from birmingham jail"? just as the prophets of the eighth century b. c. left their villages and carried their "thus saith the lord" far beyond the boundaries of their hometowns, and just as the apostle paul left his village of tarsus and carried the gospel of jesus christ to the far corners of the greco roman world, so am i compelled to carry the gospel of freedom beyond my own hometown. allusion symbolism imagery metaphor
Both examples come from the Bible. The first comes from the Old Testament and the second from the New. You have to be a little knowledgeable of the Bible to catch on to either one of them (or be good with Google).