The crust and the upper layer of the mantle together make up a zone of rigid, brittle rock called the Lithosphere . The layer below the rigid lithosphere is a zone of asphalt-like consistancy called the Asthenosphere . The asthenosphere is the part of the mantle that flows and moves the plates of the Earth.
i think it’s c i believe that
since there isn't any suggested answers i will give you the reason and hopefully you can figure it
south africa, or rather all of africa, has not been in the location in which it is nowadays throughout the geological past. after the super-continent pangaea started to break apart, gondwanaland, in which was africa, moved further south, and parts of it came to be very close to the south pole. because the climate in this part of the world is very cold due to the very dispersed sun rays in there, what is now south africa, started to freeze, and the conditions were right for the formation of glaciers. the glaciers existed up until the period when gondwanaland started to break apart and what is now africa started to move towards north, sp it warmed up and the glaciers melted.