The correct answer would be B. The first law.
The first law of thermodynamics is also known as the law of conservation of energy, and establishes that energy cannot be created or destroyed, and is only seen to be transformed from one form to another, in an isolated system.
For example, it may seem like pressing a button may generate light energy from a bulb, but it is actually the conversion of electrical energy into light energy.
Similarly, in a circuit run from battery, chemical energy (of the battery) is converted into light energy. This energy is seen to be converted into the form of heat energy which is emitted from the bulb.
Hope this helps!
For Plato It is The First Law :)
so here is the information for current research:
-nrel's geothermal analysts, scientists, and engineers perform a full range of research from developing advanced methods of locating and accessing geothermal resources to exploring innovative technologies to extract and produce clean energy from the heat of the earth
and here is the information for the technology of geothermal energy:
-it's clean and sustainable
-resources of geothermal energy range from the shallow ground to hot water and hot rock found a few miles beneath the earth's surface, and down even deeper to the extremely high temperatures of molten rock called magma
-almost everywhere, the shallow ground or upper 10 feet of the earth's surface maintains a nearly constant temperature between 50° and 60°f (10° and 16°c)
-geothermal heat pumps can tap into this resource to heat and cool buildings
-a geothermal heat pump system consists of a heat pump, an air delivery system (ductwork), and a heat exchanger-a system of pipes buried in the shallow ground near the building
-in the winter, the heat pump removes heat from the heat exchanger and pumps it into the indoor air delivery system
-in the summer, the process is reversed, and the heat pump moves heat from the indoor air into the heat exchanger
-the heat removed from the indoor air during the summer can also be used to provide a free source of hot water