B. The industrial revolution
The Industrial Revolution refers to the process of technological evolution experienced since the 18th century in Western Europe, between 1760 and 1850, establishing a new relationship between society and the environment, as well as enabling the existence of new forms of production that transformed the industrial sector, initiating a new consumption pattern. During this period the development of industrial machines grew, all powered by the constant use of energy. For this reason, we can say that the Industrial Revolution was the period when the use of energy increased exponentially.
This phase is marked especially by the replacement of energy produced by man with energies such as steam, wind and hydraulic; the substitution of artisanal production (manufacture) by industry (machining) and also by the existence of new labor relations.
The main inventions of this phase that changed the whole scenario experienced at the time were: the use of coal as an energy source; the consequent development of the steam engine and the locomotive. In this phase, the telegraph was also developed, one of the first means of almost instantaneous communication.
Post-industrial agriculture and modern industrial
During the Post-industrial agriculture and modern industrial period the energy consumption increased exponentially. It is so because new methods were formulated to run machines through the energy input which shall ease the work requiring human efforts.
After the industrial revolution, various kind of engines such as steam, diesel and electric engines were developed which required lot of energy for functioning adequately. Since the post industrial phase to till today, every aspects of our life is governed by some form of energy input.
the answer is a. at the equator
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