When a car collides with a truck, intuitively the car reacts more during the collision. (You’d rather be riding in the truck!) So occupants in the car would feel the bigger force. In the meantime, Newton’s 3rd law states: The force exerted by object A on object B is equal in strength (but opposite in direction) to the force exerted by object B on object A. How would you reconcile the law with the collision feeling?
The answer would be D, when the plastic strip and cloth are rubbed together there is a transfer of electrons from the plastic strip to the cloth leaving the plastic strip positively charged as it lost electrons, while the cloth becomes negatively charged.
F = GMm/r^2
Where G is a constant, M is the mass of the larger object, m is the mass of the other object, and r is the distance between the two objects.
1600 = GMm/r^2
Now we can find the force when the distance doubles:
F = GMm/(2r)^2
GMm will remain the same since G is a constant and the masses didn't change, so the only difference between this and the first calculation is the denominator.
By simplifying the denominator, we find:
F = GMm/(4r^2)
Now we can see that the only difference between this and the equation given the original distance is that we are dividing by 4. This means that the force will be one fourth of the original force:
1600/4 = 400
The answer is 400.
Object B is positively charged, Object C is negatively charged, Object D is negatively charged.