The legal system of the united states is a pure common-law tradition largely a common-law tradition with elements of the civil-law tradition an equity-based tradition largely a civil-law tradition with elements of the common-law tradition a pure civil-law tradition
Most countries today tail one of two primary legal conventions: common law or civil law. Common law relies on some scattered statutes, which are administrative choices; it is to a great extent in light of point of reference, which means the legal decisions that have just been made in comparable cases.
the fourth amendment protects:
"the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized."
so this would mean the denial to search and seizure without warrant or permission.
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