Megan wants to get a cookie before dinner, but she knows that's against her mother's rules. as she is considering getting a cookie she can hear her mother walking toward the kitchen where the cookie jar is. realizing she would probably get caught and punished, megan decides to leave the kitchen without a cookie. according to kohlberg, which level of moral development is megan currently in?
The pre-conventional level of moral development is characterized by punishment-avoidance behavior, wherein individuals make moral decisions based on what suits their interests and desires while disregarding others and rules set by them. Individuals in this level of moral development are likely to try and "get away with" breaking rules as long they believe they will not get caught and punished for it.
elizabeth loftus conducted a study to observe the reliability of eyewitnesses during the 1970s. their baseline was to define how accurate are the recollections of eyewitnesses.
her studies do not support the use of eyewitness. loftus mentions in her work that we are not required to recall some experiences, meaning that rarely an individual eyewitness testimony is trustworthy. a good example is presented in her work, where all individuals watched a video and were than asked "about how fast were the cars going when they hit/smash? ". the testimonies changed based on the word she used to make the question (hit or smash), proving the fragility.
debating and finalizing the detail of the policy